Habitat is defined as the place an organism lives and it is characterized by both biotic (living) and abiotic (non-living) features. The number of different habitats varies with each woodlot. Common habitats include:

Forested Land
Species of plants, animals and their populations change as woodland changes and moves through a series of forest growth stages.

Common forest habitats are Hardwood Forest, Softwood Forest and Mixed Forest. Each habitat has associated physical aspects, plants and animals.

Unforested Land
Various unforested habitats occur in a woodlot including barrens and old fields. Hedgerows, rows of shrubs and trees between fields, provide an important habitat for animals such as songbirds, grouse, pheasant, woodcock, and small mammals.

Freshwater Wetlands
Wetland areas provide habitat for beaver, mink, muskrat, otter, and waterfowl. Wetlands are used in warm weather by deer and moose to help escape flies and cool off, and moose will feed in ponds and streams. Wetland habitats include marshes, swamps, bogs and fens.

Waterways (rivers, streams, lakes, ponds) provide habitat for many plants and animals. Forested land along water is considered a Special Management Zone (SMZ) as required by the provincial Wildlife Habitat & Watercourses Protection Regulations.


NSDNR Woodlot Management Home Study Program
- Online or Mail
Module 4 - Wildlife & Forestry

The Natural History of Nova Scotia
Volume 1 – Topics & Habitats
Habitats include major ecological environments that provide homes for many species of plants and animals. $35.00
Nova Scotia Museum Books

Significant species and habitats database NS. ONLINE